Port Moody is surrounded by forested mountains. This means encounters with wildlife are common. Residents in Port Moody need to manage these interactions in order to stay safe and avoid damage to home and property. The Ministry of Environment and Climate Change and the BC Wildlife Act offer guidelines and protections to help ensure the safety of wildlife and people. Help protect local wildlife by going rodenticide free.

Report an encounter

Please report all encounters with wildlife to the BC Conservation Officer Service at 1-877-952-7277. This provides records for tracking wildlife encounters, which is essential in education and enforcement efforts to reduce human-wildlife conflict.

For more information on how to minimize adverse human-wildlife interactions, please email the Environment Division.

Bats

Bats provide important services and support healthy ecosystems in Port Moody and throughout Canada.  In the Lower Mainland, bats play an important role in controlling insect pests that can harm our forests, crops, and people. There are 15 species of bats that occur in BC, 10 of which have been observed in the lower mainland, including Little Brown Myotis, a species that is listed as Endangered under the Species at Risk Act.  Bat populations around the globe are in decline as they face several threats, including habitat loss, impacts associated with climate change, pesticide use, noise pollution, vehicle collisions, predation from cats, collisions with wind turbines, and white-nose syndrome. 

How you can help bats:

Other resources 

Beavers

Known for their creation of large wetland complexes, North American beavers (Castor canadensis) are ecosystem engineers and a keystone species. Because of their ecological role, beaver dams are protected under the BC Wildlife Act and Water Sustainability Regulation

In response to beaver activity in Port Moody, Council has endorsed a beaver management plan that promotes co-existence, outlines best practices, and addresses risks and liabilities associated with flooding, property damage, ecological impacts, and human health and safety. The plan also addresses compliance with all provincial and federal regulations related to wildlife and fish passage.

Port Moody’s Beaver Management Plan balances the needs of beavers, fish, and other wildlife with the need to protect public safety, civic infrastructure, and public and private lands. It recommends strategies that use alternatives to relocation or lethal trapping whenever possible.

The Plan includes a decision-making framework and a diagnostic key to help guide the City in making informed decisions and taking appropriate actions in response to beaver activity. As identified in the Plan, while beaver restoration efforts across North America are promising, not all areas have suitable habitat for beaver colonies. In highly urbanized areas, co-existence with beavers can be challenging because of constraints related to available space and the depth and flow of watercourses. The decision-making framework and diagnostic key are designed to address the unique challenges and opportunities of co-existence within an urban context, and include a protocol for regular monitoring and maintenance to ensure the City takes a comprehensive approach to co-existence.

Beavers in Suter Brook Creek 

A beaver colony that was previously located in Pigeon Creek has taken up residence in a reach of Suter Brook Creek, near Port Moody City Hall and the Public Works Yard. The City has installed flow devices to moderate the effects of flooding and maintain safe operation of the existing drainage system connected to Suter Brook Creek. A flow device is an apparatus that reduces and stabilizes water levels at a desired height behind a beaver dam. 

Black Bears

Black bears are a common sight in Port Moody. The Bear Essentials Program provides education and awareness on how to minimize adverse human-bear interactions. 

Canada Geese

Non-migratory Canada Geese were introduced to our region and the number of them has increased drastically over the last few decades. They can leave large amounts of fecal matter on grass, docks, and paths. This poses a health and safety risk for residents. They can also become aggressive and territorial. 

Geese are protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act. However, the Act recognizes that there are times when issues caused by them must be addressed.

To help limit the number of geese in the Rocky Point area we have developed a Goose Management Plan. This involves placing fencing and vegetation along shorelines and using trained dogs. Both of these are recommended by the BC SPCA and Environment Canada.

Cougars

If you encounter a cougar, you should stay calm and back away slowly.

In late winter/early spring cougar sightings increase in Port Moody as their preferred prey, deer, spend more time in urban areas. Here are some tips to stay safe and avoid negative encounters with cougars.

  • Keep dogs on a leash and under control at all times
  • Keep house cats indoors at all times
  • Remove bird feeders or shrubs that may attract the preferred prey of cougars (deer, raccoons, etc.) to your yard
  • Be alert and make noise when walking in forested settings 
  • If you do encounter a cougar, never run. Instead, turn and face the animal, use jackets/back packs to look as big as possible, and back away slowly.
  • If the cougar appears to be stalking or following you, yell and throw objects such as rocks/sticks.

Report any encounters or sightings in an urban area to the RAPP (Report all poachers and polluters) line at 1-877-952-7277

For more information about how to respond to a cougar sighting, follow the BC Human – Wildlife Conflict guidelines.

Coyotes

Coyotes are well adapted to living in urban areas. They are naturally timid but may act aggressively if they become too comfortable with people. With a few simple actions, you can help reduce conflict between people, pets and coyotes:

  • Be big, brave and loud. Scaring coyotes helps them retain a natural fear of people
  • Never feed coyotes. Coyotes that are fed by people can become bold and aggressive and may have to be destroyed. Keep a secure lid on your garbage and compost, do not leave pet food outside and pick your tree fruit before it falls
  • Pet safety. Keep dogs on a leash and cats indoors, especially at night

If the coyote does not run away or acts aggressively towards you:

  • make eye contact and face the coyote, while slowly backing away
  • pick up small pets or young children

For more information on coyotes, visit the Urban Coyote Initiative web page.

Fish

fish signLocal salmon-bearing streams are identified by yellow signs throughout the City. Contact the Provincial Emergency Program number 1-800-663-3456 to report any situation that may compromise the health of the stream. You can also contact the City Environment Division at 604-469-4574.

Seals

If you find an injured or distressed seal or marine mammal, please report it to Marine Mammal Rescue: 604-258-SEAL (7325). Do not touch or attempt to feed the animal. DFO’s Marine Mammal Regulations require a safe distance of more than 100m from marine mammals 

Wildlife safety

  • Know before you go. Familiarize yourself with wildlife common to the area before you head outdoors.
  • Never feed wildlife (it is illegal) and secure your garbage and green waste. Pack in what you pack out – do not leave food wrappers or scraps outdoors.
  • If you encounter wildlife: stay calm, raise your arms to make yourself look big, speak with an even tone, bring pets and children close, do not run or turn your back, and slowly walk backwards to vacate the area and give wildlife room to pass through.
  • Talk to children and educate them on how to respond to wildlife encounters. Children should not be left unsupervised in areas of high wildlife presence. Immediately pick up small children if coyotes, bears, or cougars are seen nearby.
  • Practice ethical photography. Taking photos of wildlife at close range can increase the risk of conflict, stress wildlife, and give them a longer chance to smell you and lose their fear. More information on photography ethics is available through WildSafeBC.
  • Equip yourself with safety tools such as a cellphone or noisemaker when going into natural areas.
  • Stay on official trails. Going off-trail into bushy areas increases your risk of wildlife encounters, and unknowingly entering wildlife dens or defended territories.
  • Haze coyotes that follow you by yelling, throwing rocks or other objects at the ground near the coyote, and using noisemakers.
  • Report all wildlife conflicts to the BC Conservation Officer service: 1-877-952-7277.

Wildlife and pets

Pet encounters with wildlife can occur in both natural and urban areas. Off-leash dogs and free-roaming cats are at the highest risk of conflicts with wildlife including bears, coyotes, and cougars. Larger dogs may startle wildlife and cause them to engage in defensive or territorial behaviour, and smaller dogs and cats can be easy prey. Ensure you understand the risks of potential wildlife encounters with pets.

Pet food and water dishes are considered wildlife attractants. Keep all pet food and water indoors to avoid attracting wildlife to your property. 

 Tips for Dog Owners 

 

- Avoid areas of high wildlife activity and stick to official trails to avoid entering wildlife dens or defended territories.

- Keep dog food and water bowls indoors.

- Do not allow your dog to interact or play with coyotes or other wildlife. This can habituate wildlife so they lose their fear of people and pets.

- Spay/neuter your dog. Coyotes are attracted to unspayed/unneutered dogs and can mate with them.

- Keep dogs on a 6-foot leash to maintain control. In designated off-leash areas, keep dogs in view at all times and immediately call and leash them if wildlife appear nearby.

- Avoid walking dogs at dawn and dusk, and bring dogs inside at night.

- Maintain fencing in your yard to keep dogs in and wildlife out. If your property backs onto forested parkland, be sure to supervise your dog when it’s in the yard.

- Keep dogs out of streams to protect sensitive aquatic species, especially during salmon spawning season (October – March).

- Pick up dog waste in your backyard and in natural areas to avoid attracting wildlife. 

 Tips for Cat Owners 

 

- If your cat roams free outdoors, bring them in from dusk until dawn.

- Keep cat food and water bowls indoors.

- Domestic cats are the number 1 killer of wild birds in North America. Consider keeping your cats indoors to protect our local bird species.

Tips for Fish, Reptile, Amphibian, Rabbit, Insect, and Rodent Owners 

- Do not release domestic or exotic pets into the wild. They can compete for resources with native species and have drastic ecological effects. 

Wildlife support

For more information on how you can help keep wildlife and people safe in the community, including how to help injured wildlife, please visit: