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Smoke alarms

  • Install smoke alarms on every level of your home and outside each sleeping area. For maximum protection, install smoke alarms in every bedroom.
  • Test smoke alarms monthly and for battery operated smoke alarms change the batteries at least once a year or sooner if a "chirping" noise occurs.
  • Special smoke alarms are available for the hearing impaired.

Safety in the kitchen

  • Never leave cooking unattended and set a timer to remind you to turn off burners and the oven.
  • Wear tight fitting or rolled up sleeves while you cook.
  • Always cook with the pot handles turned in.
  • Keep the stove surface free of clutter and grease.
  • If a grease fire occurs use a potholder or oven mitts and carefully slide a lid or a cookie sheet over the pan and turn off the burner.
  • Never carry a burning pan.
  • Install and know how to use a portable fire extinguisher.

Smoker alert

  • Use large, deep, sturdy ashtrays.
  • Thoroughly soak butts with water before discarding.
  • Never smoke in bed or while lying down.
  • Be careful smoking while taking medications or drinking alcohol.

Space heaters need space

  • Keep at least one meter (three feet) between space heaters and everything else, including you!
  • Clothes can ignite simply by brushing against a space heater.
  • Remember, if your clothes catch fire, stop, drop to the ground, cover your face and roll.

Plan your escape

Have two ways out

  • Know two ways out of every room in your home, especially the bedrooms. Smoke or flames could block one of your exits.
  • Make sure you have a meeting place outside.
  • Make Sure Exits are in Good Repair
  • Make sure you can unlock and open windows and doors quickly, including those with security bars and deadbolts.
  • If you're escaping from a second storey or higher, plan a safe way to the ground.

Apartment residents

  • Count the number of doors between your apartment and the two nearest exits. During a fire, you may be unable to see.
  • Never use the elevator - it could stop at the fire floor. Use the exit stairways and close the doors behind you.

In the event of a fire:

Check the door

  • Kneel or crouch behind the door, reach up and feel the door, knob and frame. If the door feels cool, open it with caution. Put your shoulder against the door and open it slowly. If safe, leave the building and go to your meeting place. If you see smoke or flames - slam the door shut, stuff the crack under the door with blankets or clothes and leave from your alternate exit.

Crawl low under the smoke

  • If you encounter smoke, crawl low under the smoke.
    Once you're out, stay out
  • Leave the building as soon as you can. Call 9-1-1 from a neighbour's home. Never go back inside for anything.
  • If you encounter smoke, crawl low under the smoke.
  • Once Out, Stay Out

If escape is impossible

  • Close doors between you and the smoke. Stuff cracks around doors and vents with towels, sheets or clothes to keep smoke out.
  • Call 9-1-1 with your exact location.
  • Stay low and signal for help by waving a bright towel, sheet or flashlight from your window.
  • Stop, Drop and Roll
  • If your clothes catch on fire, STOP where you are, DROP to the floor, cover your face with your hands, and ROLL over and over until the flames go out.

Cool a burn

  • Cool a burn for at least 10-15 minutes with cool water to relieve pain and minimize the burn injury.
  • Never apply salve, butter or ice to a burn. Seek medical attention if any burns char the skin, blister, look white or become infected.
Smoke alarm
Last updated: 28/09/2011 8:59:06 PM